Administrative Data | Agricultural Research Collection – England and Wales
The AD|ARC (Administrative Data | Agricultural Research Collection) datasets link information on farming activities with de-identified data about the people in farm households. The datasets also include three control groups of non-farming individuals living in similarly rural areas. Research using the data will enable better understanding of the demographic, health, education and economic characteristics of households associated with different types and sizes of farm business. This will provide new insights for decision makers to improve agricultural and rural policies and enhance the wellbeing of farmers and their households.
The data linkage is the result of a collaboration between government and academic organisations across the UK, including the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs, the Northern Ireland Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs, Scottish Government, Welsh Government and Public Health Wales. While data currently available only covers England and Wales, data for Scotland is coming on stream in 2024 and Northern Ireland will follow. Methods for cross-UK federated analysis are in development.
Component datasets and linkage
AD|ARC links de-identified electronic records that are already collected by departments across the governments of the UK. The datasets included in AD|ARC are: 2010 EU Farm Structure Surveys (England and Wales), 2010 Rural Payments subsidy data (England and Wales), 2011 Census of Population (England and Wales), 2010-2020 Inter-Departmental Business Register (currently England only; Wales to follow). Additional de-identified health and education datasets held by the various UK government administrations will be linked in future where available. The availability of additional linked education and health datasets will vary by nation.
|2010 - 2020 (varies by dataset)
|Individuals living in farming households in England and Wales claiming SPS 2010 subsidy payments; control groups of non-farming individuals living in similarly rural areas.
|England and Wales. The AD|ARC dataset for Scotland is coming on stream in 2024 and Northern Ireland will follow.
|The number of individuals and faming households in the England dataset is TBC. Approx. 50,000 individuals resident in approx. 18,000 farming households claiming subsidies in Wales.
Examples of research questions
Examples of research questions the data could be used to address:
- What are the characteristics of farming households that receive farm subsidies?
- Is there a correlation between farm and household characteristics, and engagement with agri-environment management schemes?
- How important is farm income as a share of total household income? Does this vary depending on different farm business, household socio-economic, and spatial attributes?
- What effect does being part of a farm household have on health and wellbeing outcomes, and does this vary by farm characteristics?
The above list is illustrative only and intended to demonstrate the research potential of the dataset. For AD|ARC’s research priorities, please see the areas of research interest and the ADR UK Research Fellowships funding opportunity.
Other supporting resources
The Inter-Departmental Business Register (IDBR) is a comprehensive list of UK businesses used by government for statistical purposes.
This survey obtains reliable data, at regular intervals, on the structure of agricultural holdings in the EU.
Rural Payments subsidy data
The project website including publications, documentation and news.
Published research using the data
Accessing the data
Access the AD|ARC England dataset via the ONS Secure Research Service. Access the AD|ARC Wales Dataset via the SAIL Databank. Researchers who are fully accredited under the Digital Economy Act (2017) can apply for access.
More information on how to access the AD|ARC dataset will be available soon. Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org with any questions.
ADR UK Research Fellowships
ADR UK is funding policy-relevant research using ADR England flagship datasets. Research Fellows will address priority research questions, generate insights and demonstrate the value of ADR England data. These datasets are held securely in the Office for National Statistics (ONS) Secure Research Service or other trusted research environments.
Find out more
The linked datasets are accessible separately within the ONS Secure Research Service for England, the SAIL Databank for Wales and will be made available via NISRA in Northern Ireland and Scotland’s National Safe Haven. Information about access points for each trusted research environment is available via the ADR UK website.