Investigating socioeconomic, household, and environmental risk factors for Covid-19 in Scotland
There is growing evidence that a range of factors may put some groups at greater risk in the Covid-19 pandemic. These may include types of occupation, household and housing conditions, or environmental factors such as exposure to air pollution. Such risk factors may help explain why the Covid-19 pandemic has disproportionately affected groups with lower socioeconomic status.
This study aims to use linked administrative data to enhance our understanding of non-health risk factors such as occupation, household, and environmental circumstances. It will help to inform future policies to support populations at higher risk.
The project will use the following datasets:
- Community Health Index
- 2011 Census
- Primary and secondary care data
- Virology and serology data
- Mortality data
- Property data
- Environmental data
- Unique Property Reference Numbers
- HM Revenue and Customs data.
Potential of the research
This project will address the following key questions:
- What is the risk of adverse Covid-19 disease outcomes for particular subgroups in the population, defined by socioeconomic and household-level factors, or for selected combinations of these groups?
- Is there evidence that particular occupations and workplaces are associated with greater risk of infection and worse outcomes?
- Do pre-existing health conditions mediate the socioeconomic effect of adverse Covid-19 outcomes?
- Does the presence of school-age children in the household and other family members who are in high-risk occupations contribute to higher risk of adverse Covid-19 outcomes for those who are currently shielding?
- Are poor housing conditions, living in a property with a shared entrance (flats), and living in high-density population areas associated with an increased risk of adverse Covid-19 outcomes?
This project is funded by ADR Scotland via its core grant from the Economic & Social Research Council (ESRC) as an ADR UK partner.
Further details are available at the Scottish Centre for Administrative Data Research (SCADR) website.